The year and a day philosophy has different meanings in different traditions. In most traditions, you must wait a year and a day before you can be initiated into the coven, usually Wiccan. In others, it is the time you must take to study before you begin practicing magick. I believe, in both cases, following the year and a day rule is super important.
If you are joining a coven, by the time you finish your year and a day, you should be familiar with all your coven’s rules and structure. When your coven waits a year and a day before initiating you, you all will have enough time to get to know each other and bond. If you don’t wait a year and a day, you may join a coven you don’t feel comfortable in, or one whose beliefs are far too different than yours. If you plan on joining a coven, you should take into consideration that not all covens follow the year and a day logic. If you’d like to follow through with the year and a day but it isn’t a rule of the coven you’d like to join, you can always ask them to accommodate to you.
If you are a solitary witch, a year and a day is a really important time for you to learn as much as you can about yourself and your path. If you don’t spend time learning about your craft and magick, you may give yourself unrealistic expectations and become discouraged with your magick when it fails. What you should do on your year and a day is find out which path you’d like to follow, figure out what exactly it is that you believe in, and study the crap out of it. You should try to make goals about how many hours a week you’d like to study, how many books you’d like to read each week, etc. It is recommended to get a journal and start recording your experiences, dreams, feelings, and goals.
You should remember, however, that the year and a day tradition isn’t a mandatory thing, even if you are planning on joining a Wiccan coven. If you are a solitary witch, you can extend, or halt, your year and a day based on how much studying you were able to do in that time period.
Please keep in mind, all of my posts are based on my experiences, and my opinions that I have gathered from my research. If you disagree, just remember: nothing in witchcraft is set in stone. There is no right way, or wrong way; just your way and my way. If you have something you’d like to add, please do so kindly in the comments.
Blessed be, brothers and sisters.